Daruvar and Julijev park – a unique landscape park in Croatia
Julijev park is one of the most important and oldest landscape parks in continental Croatia with an extremely rich plant fund. The spa park has a total area of 9.5 hectares. Specimens of trees older than 150 years, floral parterres, Baroque stylistic features and elements of English landscape style adorn this unique park. Today’s appearance of the park, conceptually and stylistically, has not changed for 150 years, which gives it an invaluable historical and horticultural value.
In the bathing park there are historical buildings of valuable cultural and monumental heritage from the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, such as: Antun’s baths, Ivan’s baths, the Swiss villa, Villa Arcadia and the Central mud bath.
In front of the southern entrance to Antun Janković’s castle, there are two specimens of the deciduous Ginkgo biloba tree, a female and a male specimen, originally from western China. They are located in the castle park, which was built in parallel with the construction of the castle, and was completed in 1780.
It is the oldest species of tree on Earth, existing for more than 200 million years. The tree in Daruvar is the largest and oldest in Croatia, and the second oldest in Europe. The male specimen of Ginkgo biloba is also called Adam by the citizens, and with its magnificent canopy and trunk circumference of more than seven meters, it enjoys protection as a horticultural monument as an individual tree. Otherwise Ginkgo can grow up to 30 meters in height and 9 meters in width.
Unlike the male specimen, the female specimen is tall and slender. Ginkgo biloba is a dioecious plant, blooming from April to May, and the seeds ripen from October to November.
Ginkgo in love from Daruvar declared “Croatian tree of 2019” !
The castle of Count Antun Janković from the 18th century, located in the very center of the city, is a protected cultural monument of the Republic of Croatia of the 1st category and one of the most valuable Baroque buildings in Bjelovar-Bilogora County.
Antun Janković had a castle named Daruvar (Ždralovgrad) built in Podborje with a spacious park around it, about which the then researcher and travel writer Friedrich Wilhelm von Taube wrote: “It is the most beautiful palace in the whole kingdom, so it should not be hidden in Vienna either. “. Since there were already several houses south of the castle, the name Daruvar was extended to that part of the settlement.